Akwa Ibom State is a state in the South-south geopolitical zone of Nigeria.It was created from the former Cross River State on the 23rd of September 1987 by the then Military Administration of General Ibrahim Badamosi Babangida. The state is between latitudes 4°32′N and 5°33′N, and longitudes 7°25′E and 8°25′E. the State is bounded on the East by Rivers State, on the West by Cross River State, on the North by Abia State and on the South by the Gulf of Guinea.
Major ethnic groups are Ibibio, Anang, and Eket. The vegetation is characterised by three easily distinguishable types namely saline water swamp forest, fresh water swamp and rain forest.
Being the 10th largest state in Nigeria in terms of landmass it currently covers a total land area of 7,249 square kilometers.
Akwa Ibom State is one of the 36 States in the Nigerian Federation and one of the 6 in the South-South geopolitical states. The State is divided into 31 local government areas with Uyo as the State capital. The state has three senatorial districts namely : Akwa Ibom North West, Akwa Ibom North East and Akwa Ibom south
With the annual growth rate of the population projected at 3.4%, the 2016 projected population is estimated at 5,451,277 people as follows;
Akwa Ibom State Average Growth Rate is estimated at 3.2%
The people of Akwa Ibom State are culturally homogenous with a common identity and are reputed to be the first settlers in the present day South Eastern Nigeria. The three major dialectal groups are Ibibio, Annang and Oron. Other sub groups include Eket, Ibeno, Itu Mbonuso and the Andonis. English is the language of government and business.
Akwa Ibom is often described as a uni-cultural State where norms, taboos, customs and traditions are the same. The folkways may vary from one ethnic grouping to another, but the operational cultural norms are basically the same all over the State. The cultural similarities bind the people together especially in such areas as cuisines, dressing, dances, songs, rituals, folklores, beliefs and myths. Almost all aspects of its culture have potentials to provide fascinating experiences for tourists and for investment opportunities.
Akwa Ibom falls within the tropical zone with a dominant vegetation of green foliage of trees and shrubs. It constitutes a major chunk of the nation’s oil-palm belt. The Atlantic coastline stretches 129km from Oron in the East to Ikot Abasi in the West.
The State also has three distinct vegetation zones: the saline water swamp forest, the fresh water swamp forest and the rain forest.
Akwa Ibom State has a tropical climate marked by two distinct seasons:
The dry season (November – March, ) and
The Wet season April – October).
The wet season is usually interrupted by a short dry period in August. Average temperature of the State ranges from 23 to 31 degrees centigrade.
Main Economic Activities
The main economic activities of the people are fishing (for riverine and coastal dwellers), farming (mostly for upland dwellers), trading, artisanship and white-collar services. A robust public sector employs significant proportion of the State labour force.
Akwa Ibom boast of very young and vibrant population who are sports loving especially in the area of football. The state is the only state in Nigeria (aside from Abia State) with two clubs in the first division of Nigerian football, the Nigeria Professional Football League. Akwa United FC and Dakkada F.C. are the two teams with support from the State Government. Currently Their home stadium is the Godswill Akpabio International Stadium.