Nsit Ubium is located at about 6 km East of Eket and shares common boundaries with Eket, Esit Eket, Okobo, Nsit lbom, Etinan, lbesikpo/Asutan and Nsit Atai Local Government Areas. It is well drained by the Qua lboe River which has tributaries scattered in many locations in the area.
Nsit Ubium Local Government Area was carved out of the then Etinan Local Government on May 3rd, 1989 with its headquarters at Ikot Edibon. In September 1991, the present Nsit Ubom Local Government Area was carved out leaving Nsit Ubium with its present two clans — Nsit and Ubium with a total of 64 villages. It is located at about 6km East of Eket, Okobo, Nsit Ibom, Etinan, Ibesipko/Asutan and Nsit Atai Local Government Areas. It is well drained by the Qua Iboe River which has tributaries scattered in many locations in the area.
Nsit Ubium covers a land mass of 242.942 sq km; and located 6 km East of Eket. The topography of the Local Government is undulating with shallow depressions, dry valleys and few rivers, which lie far apart between the predominant plains. Marshes and swamps influenced by the Qua Iboe River traverse a large portion of the Local Government Area. Nsit Ubium is under Uyo Senatorial District.
The two Clans of Nsit Ubium have variously been part of other older political entities either as province, division or Local Government. Nsit and Ubium were both in former Uyo province. Under another political arrangement, Nsit was carved into Uyo while Ubium into Eket divisions. Again in another arrangement, the two clans were brought together under Etinan Local Government Area. In September 1991, the present structure of Nsit Ubium came into existence. Records and oral evidence point to the fact that both Nsit and Ubium people came to being as a result of migration. The two clans belong to Ibibio ethnic group and like others speak an intelligible language classified as belonging to the Benue-Congo sub family.
Nsit people who proudly identify themselves with Ibom fraternity co- shared by their brothers of Ibiono Ibom, Iman Ibom, Ikono Ibom etc, first settled at a place now identified as “Obio Nsit” near the present day ‘Asan Ibibio Complex.’ Their movement from their previous place of abode and settlement at Obio Nsit was like an exodus. It is a general belief that this movement or pouring out in great numbers- “Esitde”, informed the coinage of the present clan’s name “Nsit”. Nsit people poured in great numbers into their new found home leaving neighbors who fondly referred to them as “Nsit Uwak” (Nsit of great number). With time, Nsit people spread- out and covered up to the present Ibiakpan/Obotim, Nduo Eduo, Itreto, Okon, Mbiaso, Asang and Nsit Atai. This migration gave way for expansion of land mass and increase in population.
The Ubium people also migrated in line with other Ibibio people but finally settled at a place called Obio Ubium. Ubium is made up of three main groups: ‘Ise’, ‘Afaha’ and ‘Ukat’.
Nsit Ubium soil has a simple pattern of sedimentary geology formation. This consists mainly of sands of tertiary coastal plains. The hinterland is characterized by dark grayish brown to very dark grey and loamy sand surface or dark yellowish brown to reddish brown clay- loamy sub soils. The humus covering much of the landmass produces arable fields in the area.
Nsit Ubium is an oil producing area with oil deposits found in commercial quantities. Other deposits are clay, gravel and fine sand. There are indications of availability of rich nickel deposits in some parts of the Local Government Area.
Nsit Ubium people are enterprising and identify themselves with many economic endeavours, though many are farmers and traders. Fishing is also noticeable.
Nsit Ubium consists of two Clans — Nsit and Ubium; with 31 villages in Nsit clan and 33 in Ubium clan. Traditionally, the two clans, Nsit and Ubium, identify themselves along ethnic lineage. Ubium has three groups — Ise, Afaha and Ukat, while Nsit is divided into Ibiakpan, Obotim, Nduo Eduo and Afia Nsit groups. The people are generally very hospitable, knowledgeable and industrious.
|Source: Office of State Surveyor – General, Uyo|