As we start probing into the inner workings of WordPress and build our own site, I need to explain for a second about web pages. Websites are made up of web pages. You can think of a web page as a single page of content.
When you want to add a piece of content to your website, e.g. about page, an article, contact form, etc, you need to create a web page to put it on. In WordPress, there are two ways we can create a webpage. We can use a WordPress POST or a WordPress PAGE. We will look into the differences between these two types of web page in the next article. For now, just realize that these two options exist.
WordPress by default will create some web pages all by itself, to help organize your content. With a WordPress website, you’ll have a homepage, some web pages you create, and some web pages that WordPress creates. Here is a simplified diagram to help explain the organization of a WordPress website:
The homepage is a very special page on any website. It can often rank highly in the search
engines and can be used to introduce your site to new visitors. The homepage can help guide
visitors around the website.
Posts are a completely different altogether. If you think about a typical website, you’ll
often see content organized into “groups” or “categories” on the site. For example, a site on
health may have several different articles all discussing men health. WordPress “posts”
lend themselves to this type of content that needs to be grouped and organized. As you can see in the diagram above, “posts” are organized in a number of different ways.
We will go into a lot of detail on categories and tags as you work through the book, but I want to introduce them here because it illustrates the point I made about WordPress creating pages to organize your content (posts). You can create something in WordPress called a “category”. Posts can then be filed into different categories to organize them. When you create a category, WordPress will automatically create a “category page”. A category page is simply a page that lists all posts in the category. You can also create something in WordPress called a “tag”. You can think of tags as very
important “keywords” that are related to your post. WordPress will create a “tag page” for every tag you create. These tag pages simply list all posts that have been given that tag. Tags are another way that posts are organized on your site.
As you create posts, WordPress will also create author and date archives. An author archive is a
page that lists all posts by an author. By a date archive, WordPress organizes and creates a page that lists all posts made on a particular date. As you can see, WordPress is working in the background, creating multiple pages to help organize the content on your website.